Trust For Nature

Conservation Objective 3

Improve protection of significant aquatic and coastal ecosystems


  • Nearly 200 000 ha of significant wetlands and associated buffers occur on private land, including at least 45 000 ha each in total as part of Ramsar wetlands, Wetlands of National Importance, bioregionally significant wetlands and Important Bird Areas
  • Of Victoria’s 11 Ramsar wetlands, 10 include some private land or private-land buffers
  • There are 13 Important Bird Areas that incorporate private land, and are classified as globally significant for a range of waterbirds and listed migratory shorebirds, and
  • Nearly two-thirds of wetland Ecological Vegetation Classes (EVCs) are under-represented in Victoria’s protected areas.

Riparian Ecosystems

  • More than 40% of Victoria’s 46 000 kilometres of waterways is bordered by private land
  • Just over half of private riparian land contains native vegetation; the remainder is cleared
  • Nearly all of the native vegetation present in riparian buffers on private land is under-represented in protected areas, and
  • Only 1% of riparian habitat on private land in Victoria is currently protected by the Trust, through covenants or property ownership.

Coastal Ecosystems

  • Nearly half of Victoria’s coastal land (almost 200 000 ha) is private land
  • Only one quarter of coastal private land contains native vegetation; the remainder is cleared
  • Over 40% of the native vegetation found on private land in coastal areas is under-represented in protected areas
  • Only 1% of privately owned coastal land is currently protected by the Trust through covenants with private landowners or through property ownership, and
  • Coastal areas have some of the highest rates of urban development of any private land in the state (CES 2009; DPCD 2012)